By Billie Jean Collins
This identify matters man's touch with the animal international: sacrifice, sacred animals, nutrition, and domestication. Chapters on paintings, literature, faith and animal husbandry display an image of the advanced relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals.
Read or Download A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik) PDF
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This quantity bargains with norms in relation to exchange and cost expressed in handbooks designed for the schooling of confessors or as aids within the confessional. elements 1 and a couple of hint the improvement of such norms from the earliest instances to the Reformation. a few ninety penitential handbooks are analyzed, with biographical sketches of the authors.
This quantity bargains with the position of saints and exemplary contributors in Judaism and Christianity. even supposing sharing the Hebrew Bible and spotting an analogous Biblical figures there, either religions have constructed commonly divergent views upon the importance of those figures, even supposing there are occasional universal motifs and issues.
Freedom as a cost is older than Greece, as facts from the traditional close to East indicates us via this paintings. Snell first seems to be at phrases for freedom within the old close to East. Then he examines archival texts to determine how runaways expressed their curiosity in freedom in Mesopotamian historical past. He subsequent examines what elites acknowledged approximately flight and freedom in edicts, criminal collections, and treaties.
This quantity comprises 22 articles via Richard H. Popkin at the historical past of recent philosophy written among 1980 and 1990. a number of of those essays haven't been released earlier than. the themes lined diversity over spiritual and theological affects in sleek philosophy; extra fabric within the historical past of scepticism facing Hobbes, Henry extra, and Pascal, and Moritz Schlick; and new findings approximately Spinoza, pre-Adamism, Ralph Cudworth, Isaac Newton's non secular perspectives, 18th-century racism, and the liberalism of Condorcet.
Additional resources for A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
Elongated forearms and fingers are connected to the legs by the patagium, 1. THE NATIVE FAUNA 31 a leathery wing membrane, leaving the thumb, which varies in length from species to species, as the only independent digit. The foot therefore serves as the principal grasping organ for use in predation and roosting.
Unusual among seals because of their tolerance of warm water, monk seals are most concentrated in the Aegean, but smaller populations—which may now be extinct—have been iden- 1. THE NATIVE FAUNA 29 tified in the eastern Mediterranean, southern Black Sea, Adriatic, along the coasts of Algeria and Morocco, and in the Atlantic between Spanish Sahara and Madeira. Monk seals frequent shallow waters off deserted coasts and islands where human disturbance is minimal. Between September and October, pups are born with a black, woolly coat, which molts at weaning after about six weeks.
Leptoceros] are native to northern Africa, and Sommerring's gazelles (G. soemmerringii) occupy the Horn area of Sudan to Somalia. Dama (G. dama] and dorcas gazelles (G. dorcas) frequent arid north Africa west of the Nile, though a subspecies of the latter extends into southern Israel/Sinai (G. d. Isabella). Gazelles were probably the principal source of protein for prehistoric hunter-gatherers in the southern Levant at the close of the Pleistocene. The hunt was pursued at least in part by forced containment within large stone-built enclosures, remains of which have been found in the Negev and Jordanian deserts.
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