By R. Lukens-Bull
Based on broad ethnographic examine, this ebook examines how the Islamic group in Java, Indonesia, is actively negotiating either modernity and culture within the contexts of nation-building, globalisation, and a meant conflict of civilizations. The pesantren group, so-called since it is situated round a tutorial establishment known as the pesantren, makes use of schooling as a important enviornment for facing globalization and the development and upkeep of an Indonesian Islamic id. even if, the community's efforts to combat with those concerns expand past schooling into the general public sphere more often than not and particularly within the sector of management and politics. The case fabric is used to appreciate Muslim suggestions and responses to civilizational touch and clash. students, expert readers, and complicated undergraduates attracted to Islam, non secular schooling, the development of spiritual id within the context of nationwide politics and globalization will locate this paintings useful.
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Additional resources for A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in Muslim Java
After several days of prayer, the kyai led his students home disappointed because he had not found the tasbih. One student asked what the kyai had been looking for and was told, for the first time, that the kyai sought the tasbih of Hasyim Asyari. The student related how while he was praying and doing zikir (chant, lit. remembrance of God), a man came to him and showed him where a tasbih was hidden, but because he did not know the kyai was looking for it, he did not get it or mention the incident.
Recent scholars like Woodward, Hefner, and Bowen have begun to correct this paradigm. Woodward is probably Geertz’s strongest critic. His work suggests that a broader understanding of what is Islam is necessary. Anthony Johns would concur that the term “Islam” has often been used with little precision. ” This necessitates an understanding of these variations as they interacted with various Southeast Asian local contexts. Dale Eickelman argues that the primary task of scholars of Islam in local contexts should be to understand “how the universalistic principles of Islam have been realized in various social and historical contexts” without either seeing Islam as a “seamless essence” or a mere aggregation of beliefs and practices (1982:1).
The Javanese constitute 40–45 percent of the population of Indonesia. More than 30 million people live in NEGOTIATING TRADITION, MODERNITY, AND IDENTITY 21 East Java, with the largest population centers being Surabaya with nearly two and half million residents, and Malang with nearly 700,000 residents. The population of the region averages 672 persons/km2 with the lowest density in Banyuwangi with 251 persons/km2. The highest population density is Surabaya with 8,395 persons/km2. The population density in Malang in 5,774 persons/km2 (Kantor Statistik Propinsi Jawa Timur 1993).
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