Download Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values by Joseph Varon, Robert E. Fromm Jr. PDF

By Joseph Varon, Robert E. Fromm Jr.

This pocket consultant is a single-volume resource of the most typical and critical formulation and laboratory values utilized in the day-by-day perform of acute care and significant care drugs. details is gifted in define layout and as tables, portraits, and algorithms to facilitate fast lookup. Acute and demanding Care formulation and Laboratory Values is designed to aid clinicians to interpret medical information, to use formulation, and to appreciate laboratory values, and to combine this knowledge with their wisdom of pathophysiology to advertise the supply of evidence-based care.

• crucial formulation and laboratory values

• a number of how you can derive a cost, the place appropriate

• Non-clinical formulation worthwhile for realizing physiologic options or that underlie diagnostic exams or scientific size included

• Chapters divided by way of organ system

• useful appendixes of “Abbreviations” and “Key cell Numbers”

• a distinct “Notes” part for recording often used formulas

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Extra info for Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values

Sample text

Adrenal Function The question of adrenal insufficiency in critical ill patients arises commonly. Normal serum cortisol levels vary during the day in normal individuals, the reference ranges are: ––Highest in the early morning 7–8 mcg/dL ––Lowest in the afternoon 2–18 mcg/dL Blood sample taken at 8 in the morning are 6–23 (mcg/dL). V. M. ––Cortisol level at 60 min ––<7 mcg/dL increase after doing the ACTH stimulation test suggests primary adrenal insufficiency if the basal cortisol level is <20 mcg/dL Corticosteroids are commonly used in inflammatory disorders and for replacement therapy.

16) + 3 g] 3 Environmental Facts and Formulas Physical factors such as temperature, pressure, altitude, and humidity affect gases in particular and, thus, should be well understood by the critical care practitioner. A number of useful tables, formulas, and figures follow. Thermal injuries are commonly considered environmental events, and, thus, these formulas and figures are included in this chapter as well. 1. Temperature Temperature conversion calculations are often done in the management of critically ill patients.

8. 1. 1: 2. Stool Formulas As part of the diagnostic work-up of patients with diarrhea, stool osmolal gap (SOG) is usually calculated utilizing the following formula: SOG = stool osmolality - 2 ´ (stool Na + + stool K + ) Normal stool osmolality is <290 mOsm/L. If the SOG > 100, it indicates an osmotic diarrhea and <100 indicates secretory diarrhea. J. E. 1007/978-1-4614-7510-1_4, © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014 41 42 4. 35 Active Passive Active 3. 5 <3 Ascites None Easily controlled Poorly controlled Encephalopathy None Minimal Advanced Nutrition Excellent Good Poor 4.

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